THE ROLE OF ANXIETY ON CHRONIC PAIN AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS
- Anxiety disorders; Mental disorders; Chronic pain; Temporomandibular Disorder.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How can society live with anxiety and pain? The discussion about anxiety goes through dentistry as it affects the oral condition. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a very prevalent condition in the population, and mental disorders are often associated with disabilities that affect various activities, also being associated with various diseases and syndromes that present chronic pain, such as chronic Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). Interactions of exposure to adverse psychosocial events and mental disorders can make the etiological diagnosis of chronic pain a major challenge. Chronic pain is an important public health problem, affecting a relevant portion of the population, interfering with psychological status, social activities and work. Therefore attention and care is needed to control anxiety and promote the quality of life of the population.
- AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION et al. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental dis-orders. BMC Med, v. 17, p. 133-137, 2013.
- AUERBACH, S. M. et al. Depression, pain, exposure to stressful life events, and long-term outcomes in temporomandibular disorder patients. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, v. 59, n. 6, p. 628–633, 2001.
- BAIR, E. et al. TMD?: the OPPERA prospective cohort study. v. 14, n. 12 0, p. 1–26, 2014.
- BANDELOW, B. Generalized anxiety disorder and pain. Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry, v. 30, p. 153–165, 2015.
- BANDELOW, B. et al. Biological markers for anxiety disorders, OCD and PTSD – a consensus statement. Part I: Neuroimaging and genetics. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, v. 17, n. 5, p. 321–365, 2016.
- BITSKO, R. H. et al. Epidemiology and impact of health care provider-diagnosed anxiety and depression among US children. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, v. 39, n. 5, p. 395–403, 2018.
- BREIVIK, H. et al. Survey of chronic pain in Europe: Prevalence, impact on daily life, and treatment. European Journal of Pain, v. 10, n. 4, p. 287–333, 2006.
- BRUFFAERTS, R. et al. The associations between preexisting mental disorders and subsequent onset of chronic headaches: A worldwide epidemiologic perspective. Journal of Pain, v. 16, n. 1, p. 42–52, 2015.
- CARRAPATO, P.; CORREIA, P.; GARCIA, B. Determinante da saúde no Brasil: A procura da equidade na saúde. Saude e Sociedade, v. 26, n. 3, p. 676–689, 2017.
- CHOW, J. C.; CIOFFI, I. Effects of trait anxiety, somatosensory amplification, and facial pain on self-reported oral behaviors. Clinical Oral Investigations, v. 23, n. 4, p. 1653–1661, 2019.
- DE PAIVA BERTOLI, F. M. et al. Anxiety and malocclusion are associated with temporomandibular disorders in adolescents diagnosed by RDC/TMD. A cross-sectional study. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, v. 45, n. 10, p. 747–755, 2018.
- DYRBYE, L. N.; THOMAS, M. R.; SHANAFELT, T. D. Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students. Academic Medicine, v. 81, n. 4, p. 354–373, 2006.
- ENDO, H. et al. Clenching occurring during the day is influenced by psychological factors. Journal of Prosthodontic Research, v. 55, n. 3, p. 159–164, 2011.
- GARLOW, S. J. et al. Depression, desperation, and suicidal ideation in college students: Results from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention College Screening Project at Emory University. Depression and Anxiety, v. 25, n. 6, p. 482–488, 2008.
- GASKIN, D. J.; RICHARD, P. The economic costs of pain in the United States. Journal of Pain, v. 13, n. 8, p. 715–724, 2012.
- ILGEN, M. A. et al. Severe Pain Predicts Greater Likelihood of Subsequent Suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v. 40, n. 6, p. 597–608, 2010.
- ITSHAKY, B. Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu; The Ancient Classic on Needle Therapy; The Complete Chinese Text with an Annotated English Translation. Alternative, Complementary & Integrative Medicine, v. 3, n. 1, p. 1–11, 2017.
- JUSSILA, P. et al. Association of risk factors with temporomandibular disorders in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, v. 76, n. 7, p. 525–529, 2018.
- LAVIGNE, G. J. et al. Bruxism physiology and pathology: An overview for clinicians. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, v. 35, n. 7, p. 476–494, 2008.
- MANFREDINI, Daniele et al. Chronic pain severi-ty and depression/somatization levels in TMD patients. International Journal of Prosthodontics, v. 23, n. 6, 2010.
- MICHELOTTI, A. et al. Oral parafunctions as risk factors for diagnostic TMD subgroups. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, v. 37, n. 3, p. 157–162, 2010.
- MIETTINEN, O.; LAHTI, S.; SIPILÄ, K. Psychosocial aspects of temporomandibular disorders and oral health-related quality-of-life. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, v. 70, n. 4, p. 331–336, 2012.
- MINGHELLI, B.; MORGADO, M.; CARO, T. Association of temporomandibular disorder symptoms with anxiety and depression in Portuguese college students. Journal of oral science, v. 56, n. 2, p. 127–133, 2014.
- MURPHY, L. B. et al. Anxiety and depression among US adults with arthritis: Prevalence and correlates. Arthritis Care and Research, v. 64, n. 7, p. 968–976, 2012.
- POMPILI, M. et al. How does subjective experience of pain relate to psychopathology among psychiatric patients? General Hospital Psychiatry, v. 34, n. 5, p. 534–540, 2012.
- REGEHR, C.; GLANCY, D.; PITTS, A. Interventions to reduce stress in university students: A review and meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, v. 148, n. 1, p. 1–11, 2013.
- REISSMANN, D. et al. Temporomandibular Disorder Pain Is Related to the General Disposition to be Anxious. Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, v. 28, n. 4, p. 322–330, 2018.
- RENER-SITAR, K. et al. Factors related to oral health related quality of life in TMD patients. Collegium antropologicum, v. 37, n. 2, p. 407–13, 2013.
- SEBASTIAN, C.; BURNETT, S.; BLAKEMORE, S.-J. Development of the self-concept during adolescence. Trends in cognitive sciences, v. 12, n. 11, p. 441–6, nov. 2008.
- SLADE, G. D. et al. Painful Temporomandibular Disorder. Journal of Dental Research, p. 0022034516653743, 2016.
- THEROUX, J. et al. Association between generalized anxiety levels and pain in a community sample: Evidence for diagnostic specificity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, v. 77, n. 7, p. 684–693, 2018.
- THIBAUT, F. Anxiety disorders: a review of current literature. p. 87–88, 2015.
- VELLY, A. M.; MOHIT, S. Epidemiology of pain and relation to psychiatric disorders. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, v. 87, p. 159–167, 2018.
- WAGNER, B. DE A.; MOREIRA FILHO, P. F.; BERNARDO, V. G. Association of bruxism and anxiety symptoms among military firefighters with frequent episodic tension type headache and temporomandibular disorders. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, v. 77, n. 7, p. 478–484, 2019.