Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews
Articles

Measuring the Effectiveness of Deradicalisation: The Development of MIKRA Risk Assessment

Zora A. Sukabdi
University of Indonesia.

Keywords

  • Measuring the Effectiveness; Deradicalisation; MIKRA Risk Assessment

How to Cite

Zora A. Sukabdi. (2021). Measuring the Effectiveness of Deradicalisation: The Development of MIKRA Risk Assessment. American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 4(1), 30. https://doi.org/10.28933/ajprr-2021-05-2506

Abstract

Instruments for identifying risk of terrorist offenders could help counterterrorism practitioners define parameters of effective rehabilitation and detect a change in risk level of offenders before and after treatment. This study aims to develop Motivation-Ideology-Capability Risk Assessment, known as MIKRA, to examine the level of risk of terrorist offenders. The study involved Indonesian counterter-rorism experts and practitioners for examining the construct validity of MIKRA and terrorist offenders at a maximum-security prison for analysing the external and criterion-related validity. External validity was implemented by comparing offenders’ MIKRA scores with their risk categories reported by Counterterror-rism Special Task Force. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s Alpha) was also applied to examine MIKRA’s psychometric properties. The results indicate alpha reliability ?= 0.933. Furthermore, offenders’ MIKRA scores are correlated significantly with categories of risk released by the official, but not correlated with the non-offenders’ scores. This means MIKRA is valid to investigate risks of terrorist offenders.

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