Efficacy of cholecystectomy in patients with positive HIDA Scans with typical or atypical biliary pain: A retrospective study
- Hepatobiliary Imino Diacetic acid (HIDA) scans; Cholescintigraphy;Dysfunctional gallbladder; Cholecystectomy
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Introduction: Our investigation aimed to discover the benefits of performing cholecystectomy in patients who had a positive or negative HIDA scan result, presented with either typical or atypical biliary pain.
Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients who had a HIDA scan at Peninsula Health between 2012 and 2017, those who had a HIDA scan and cholecystectomy for biliary pain were selected for this study, and prospective analysis of patient reported outcome post cholecystectomy included.
Results: In the past five years, 190 patients had had a HIDA scan to investigate biliary pain without a structural cause. Of those 190, 65 had a positive HIDA result and 20 of these patients went on to have a cholecystectomy. Of the latter, 17 who reported typical biliary pain had their pain resolved post-surgery but 2 out of 3 patients with atypical biliary pain had ongoing pain despite surgery (1 did not respond). Of the 125 patients with a negative HIDA scan, 14 proceeded with a cholecystectomy. Twelve patients had pre-operative typical biliary pain and 5 of these continued to have pain post-operatively. Finally, 1 of the 2 patients with atypical pain continued to have ongoing pain post-surgery.
Conclusion: In summary, in patients without a structural cause for biliary pain HIDA scans and patient’s symptoms greatly aid in the decision-making process whether to proceed with a cholecystectomy, as a negative scan should prompt further clinical investigation before proceeding with surgery.
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