Case of severe head trauma caused by a car accident
- Poly-trauma, traumatic brain injury, multiple fracture sites, Bronchopneumonia, Pulmonary contusions
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According to the literature, the term “poly-trauma” was first used by Tscherne et.al, in 1966 for patients who demonstrated a combination of at least two “severe head, chest or abdominal injuries” or “one of them in association with an extremity injury. Trauma, despite all efforts to control its impact, is now a recurrent cause of high incidence of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Studies show that road traffic injuries are currently the leading cause of death among people aged between 1 and 45-years old. Only 21 countries in the WHO (World Health Organization), European Region have implemented legislative changes regulating drink-driving, with blood alcohol test limits varying between ?0.02 g/dl and ?0.05 g/dl.
INTRODUCTION: It is well known that poly-trauma is a challenge for the clinician, regardless of specialization. In this regard, we wanted to present this case to raise an alarm on the approach to poly-trauma, which involves, in addition to the pre-hospital, hospital and follow-up stages, the follow-up of victims after discharge, in an attempt to identify possible causes of death and their prevention.
CASE PRESENTATION: In this clinical case, we present the outcome of a 44-year-old patient who presented to the emergency room with multiple trauma injuries resulting from a road traffic accident. During her admission to the neurosurgery department of the Emergency “Sfântul Apostol Andrei”, Clinical Hospital of Galati, the patient underwent numerous clinical and imaging investigations, which provided findings statistically associated with increased mortality and morbidity rates.
CONCLUSION: The management of patients presenting with poly-trauma is continuous, dynamic and extremely challenging in terms of the staff involved, the multidisciplinary team that will monitor the patient’s progress. All this is a goal that can only be achieved through good interdisciplinary and inter-hospital communication, providing standards of care and quality-oriented cooperation, increasing efficiency through the use of existing resources, regulating the financial aspects of inter-hospital transfers, cooperating in a common system of continuous training.
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