Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019): International Journal of Aging Research
Research Articles

The Effects of Cognitive Training Program for Cognitively Impaired Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial

Jeffrey A. Buchanan, Erica Johnson, Joseph Kennedy, Katherine Stypulkowski, and Nathan Jensen
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Keywords
  • aging, cognitive training, cognitive impairment
How to Cite
Jeffrey A. Buchanan, Erica Johnson, Joseph Kennedy, Katherine Stypulkowski, and Nathan Jensen. (2019). The Effects of Cognitive Training Program for Cognitively Impaired Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial. International Journal of Aging Research, 2(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.28933/ijoar-2019-03-0705

Abstract

Objective: This pilot investigation evaluated the effectiveness of a cognitive training program for older adults with cognitive impairment.
Methods: A sample of 23 individuals were randomly assigned to either a 24-session cognitive training program or a wait-list control group. Cognitive training sessions required participants to complete activities that targeted the following cognitive domains: attention, visual and verbal memory, visual spatial skills, processing speed, executive functioning, and language. A battery of cognitive tests were administered prior to and immediately after completion of the program. Depression, quality of life, agitated behavior, and daily functioning were also assessed.
Results: Small to large effect sizes on half of the cognitive outcome measures were observed following participation in the program. No positive effects were found with regard to non-cognitive outcomes.
Discussion: These results warrant further investigation into the benefits of this cognitive training program in larger randomized control trials.
Clinical Implications: The cognitive training program may provide activity staff in assisted living or memory care settings a highly structured, manualized, and user-friendly intervention for older adults experiencing cognitive decline.

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