Vol. 2 No. 4 (2019): International Journal of Aging Research
Research Articles

A Study of the Attitudes of Nigerian Civil Servants towards Ageing

Grace M. Nwasogwa1, Kelechi T. Ugwu2
1Department of Language Studies, Institute of Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu, Nigeria 2Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Institute of Management and Technology (IMT) Enugu, Nigeria
Keywords
  • Attitude, Ageing, Civil Servants, Self-Esteem, Gender
How to Cite
Grace M. Nwasogwa1, Kelechi T. Ugwu2. (2019). A Study of the Attitudes of Nigerian Civil Servants towards Ageing. International Journal of Aging Research, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.28933/ijoar-2019-07-2905

Abstract

The human population is continuously ageing and previous studies suggest that one’s attitude towards ageing predicts ageing outcome. While several factors have been shown to influence attitude towards ageing, the current study investigated the influence of self-esteem and gender on attitude towards ageing. The study adopted a cross sectional design and a total of two hundred and five (205) civil servants were randomly selected from state Civil Service Secretariats and Local Government headquarters in Enugu, Anambra and Ebonyi states respectively. Self-report measures including the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a Self-Developed Attitude towards Ageing Scale were used for data collection. A Two-Way Analysis of Variance was used for the data analysis. The findings revealed that our first proposition that self-esteem as a psychological mechanism will significantly predict attitude towards ageing was not supported meaning that self-esteem whether high or low does not matter in how individuals respond to ageing consciousness. Whereas, the second proposition that gender will greatly influence attitude towards ageing was confirmed. In other word, the result further confirmed that female show more positive attitude about ageing than the male. The findings are discussed.

References

  1. Baker, L., & Gringart, E. (2009). Body Image and Self-Esteem in Older Adulthood. Aging and Society, 29(6): 977-995
  2. Barrientos A., Gorman M., Heslop A. (2003) Old age poverty in developing Countries contributions and dependence in later life: World Development, 31 (3) (2003), pp. 555-570
  3. Blagosklonny, M. V. (2010). Why male age faster but reproduce longer than female: mTOR and Evolutionary Perspective on Aging 2(5), 265-273
  4. Cook, J. (2011). The Socio-Economic Contribution of Older People in UK. Working with Older People. 15(4): 141-146
  5. Faye O. (2007) Basic pensions and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa: Crepp Discussion Paper, University of Liege
  6. Harris, L. A. & Dollinger, S. (2001). Participation in a course on aging: Knowledge, attitudes, and anxiety about aging in oneself and others. Educational Gerontology, 27, 657 – 667.
  7. Joel, O. J. (1977). Ageing: The World Book Encyclopedia Chicago: Field Enterprises Educational Corporation.
  8. Kalfos, M. (2016). Gender Differences in Attitude to Ageing among Norwegian Older Adults. Open Journal of Nursing: 6(3) 255-266
  9. Kernis, H. M (2003) toward a conceptualization of optimal self-esteem. Psychological Inquiry, 14(1) 1-26.
  10. Levy, B. R. (2002). Longevity Increased by Positive Self-Perceptions of Ageing. Journal pf Personality and Social Psychology, 83(2) 261-270
  11. Low, G., Molzahn, A. E., & Schopflocher, D. (2013). Attitude to ageing mediates the relationship between older people’s subjective health and quality of life in 20 countries. Health Quality of Life Outcome, 11, 146. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-146
  12. Marshall, L. (2015). Thinking Differently about Ageing: Changing Attitude through the Humanities. The Gerontologists, 55(4) 519-525
  13. McConatha, J. T., Schnell, F., Volkwein, K., Riley, L., & Leach, E. (2003). Attitudes toward aging. A comparative analysis of young adults from the United States and Germany. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 57 (3), 203 – 215.
  14. Mock, S. E., & Richard, P. E. (2011). Ageing Attitudes Moderates the Effect of Subjective Age on Psychological Well-Being: Evidence from a 10year Longitudinal Study. Psychology and Ageing, 26(4): 979-986
  15. Oberg, P., & Tornstam, L. (2003) Attitudes toward embodied old age among Swedes. International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 56(2):133-153.
  16. Ron P. (2007) Elderly people’s attitudes and perceptions of aging and old age: the role of cognitive dissonance? International Journal of Geriatrics Psychiatry, 22(7): 656-662.
  17. Ugwu, L., & Ugwu, D. (2007). Attitudes of University Employees towards Ageing. Esut Journal of Psychological Studies. 2: 118-128
  18. Ugwuegede, P. N., Ugwu, K. T., & Agu, N. C. (2018). Self-Esteem as a Predictor of Security Consciousness among Youth in Abia and Anambra States, Nigeria. IMT Journal of the Arts and Sciences, 3(1) 118-132
  19. Ying, B., & Yao, R. (2010). Self-Perceived Age and Attitudes towards Marketing of Older Consumers in China. Journal of Family and Economic Issues. 31(3): 318-327