NURSE ROLE AS NA EDUCATOR IN HIV PREVENTION IN THE ELDERLY: A NEW PERSPECTIVE FOR THE HEALTH CARE OF THE ELDERLY
- Elderly Assistance. Nursing. HIV. Public health.
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Objective: Reflect the nurse role as an educator in HIV prevention in the elderly.
Methods: This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study. An online bibliographic survey was carried out in the databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). The descriptors were used: “Assistance to the Elderly”; “Nursing”; “HIV” and “Public Health”. The inclusion criteria defined for the selection of articles were: articles published in Portuguese, articles in full that portrayed the theme and articles published in the referred databases in the last ten years.
Results: When reading the eleven selected articles, it was possible to observe the high rate of elderly people with HIV. The profile of sexual behavior is commonly described only in people up to 59 years of age, abstaining from the population above 60 years, which favors forgetting this age group. From the perspective of HIV in the health of the elderly, the multidisciplinary team has an importance, especially the nurse, as its role is directed to the maintenance and restoration of health, leading them to self-care with a focus on health education practices.
Conclusion: In the studies that were analyzed, the relevance of the nurse’s role as an educator was explicit, because unfortunately there is still a “taboo” when sexuality is explained in the elderly, and the nurse exercising his / her health education function may be adding knowledge of prevention and treatment for this population that is neglected by society.