Vol. 4 (2021): International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews

Office Clutter: Comparing Lower and Upper-Level Employees on Work-related Criteria

Joseph R. Ferrari*, Helena L. Swanson, and Devki A. Patel
DePaul University.



How to Cite

Joseph R. Ferrari*, Helena L. Swanson, and Devki A. Patel. (2021). Office Clutter: Comparing Lower and Upper-Level Employees on Work-related Criteria. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 4(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.28933/ijprr-2020-12-1805


Office clutter might significantly impact productivity, yet no study examined workers differences across upper and lower employee status. The present study surveyed 202 U.S. on-site workers on work-related variables, including office clutter. Job classifications were aggregated, creating two groups: upper- and lower-level employees. A significant difference in office clutter impacted worker-levels: upper-level workers compared to lower-level workers had higher office clutter scores. Exploratory factor analysis created a two-factor solution (explaining 62.6% of the common variance): satisfaction/pleasure from one’s work and risk for work-related burnout/tension. There was a significant difference in office clutter perception: upper-level workers were significantly more likely to report clutter and being at risk for burnout/tension than lower-level workers. Office clutter significantly negatively predicted satisfaction with one’s job and positively related with risk for work-related burnout. Frequently reported office clutter items (in order of frequency) were paper, trash (e.g., used coffee cups), and office supplies.


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