International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews <p>ISSN:2639-6041<br />DOI:10.28933/IJPRR</p> eSciPub LLC en-US International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews 2639-6041 Office Clutter: Comparing Lower and Upper-Level Employees on Work-related Criteria <p>Office clutter might significantly impact productivity, yet no study examined workers differences across upper and lower employee status. The present study surveyed 202 U.S. on-site workers on work-related variables, including office clutter. Job classifications were aggregated, creating two groups: upper- and lower-level employees. A significant difference in office clutter impacted worker-levels: upper-level workers compared to lower-level workers had higher office clutter scores. Exploratory factor analysis created a two-factor solution (explaining 62.6% of the common variance): satisfaction/pleasure from one’s work and risk for work-related burnout/tension. There was a significant difference in office clutter perception: upper-level workers were significantly more likely to report clutter and being at risk for burnout/tension than lower-level workers. Office clutter significantly negatively predicted satisfaction with one’s job and positively related with risk for work-related burnout. Frequently reported office clutter items (in order of frequency) were paper, trash (e.g., used coffee cups), and office supplies.</p> Joseph R. Ferrari*, Helena L. Swanson, and Devki A. Patel Copyright (c) 2021 2021-01-30 2021-01-30 4 46 46 10.28933/ijprr-2020-12-1805 Massage Therapy Research Review <p>This narrative review on massage therapy effects involved a literature search for research that was published in the years 2016-2020. The review includes studies on massage therapy effects on preterm pain and growth, newborn hyperbilirubinemia and infant colic. The pediatric literature includes studies on behavior problems including ADHD and aggression and physical conditions including diarrhea, asthma, immune function and pain. The adult studies include massage therapy effects on psychological problems including stress and anxiety and physical conditions including fatigue, sleep disturbances, post-burn scarring, gastrointestinal problems and dementia. The musculoskeletal studies are focused on range of motion, balance, muscle activity, grip strength and performance recovery. The massage for pain literature is the most extensive including pain associated with labor, cesarean delivery, shoulder, neck, low back and upper back pain, arthritis, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, cancer, neuropathy, post-surgery, hospice and aging. The physiological/biochemical measures that have been used include systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, vagal activity, facial blood flow, EEG, cortisol and oxytocin. This section is followed by a discussion on potential underlying mechanisms and methodological limitations. The research continues to have methodological limitations including that the studies cannot be double blinded, they are typically not multivariate studies and they are often biased by their reliance on self-report. Nonetheless, the randomized controlled trials included here as well as systematic reviews and meta-analyses have concluded that massage therapy is typically effective when it is compared to treatment as usual control groups, More research is needed on massage therapy versus active control groups (e.g. exercise and physical therapy) in randomized, controlled trials.</p> Tiffany Field Copyright (c) 2021 2021-01-30 2021-01-30 4 45 45 10.28933/ijprr-2020-12-0805 Hospital Psychologist: Facilitator in the Use of Educational Tool for Caregivers of Children With Rheumatic Fever <p>Introduction: In the world, it is estimated that, approximately 500,000 new cases of heumatic fever occur per year. In Latin America 21,000 cases of acute rheumatic fever. In Brazil 18,000 new cases of rheumatic fever / year, approximately 50% with significant cardiac lesions, representing the main cause of acquired heart disease Streptococcus by the airways. It is manifested about 7 to 15 days after an infectious episode of pharyngitis (inflammatory and infectious disease involving the pharynx) with fever, reaching generally children from 5 to 15 years old who present changes in the immune system by genetic inheritance. It is a chronic disease and the main cause of acquired childhood heart disease. Objective: To analyze the role of the psychologist as facilitator of the process of awareness of care, prevention and health propagation through an educational tool for caregivers of children about rheumatic fever. Method: Integrative review study carried out through bibliographic research, published and indexed in databases, SCIELO, PEPSIC and research in guidelines composed by members of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, Brazilian Society of Pediatrics and Brazilian Society of Rheumatology. Discussion: Rheumatic heart disease is a chronic disease, with high direct and indirect costs, and may cause great social impact on the individual’s life in a growth and development phase, causing losses in school life and insertion in the labor market. Through the informative tool and action of the Hospital Psychologist, it will facilitate clarification of repeated hospitalizations, complex cardiovascular and cardiovascular surgery interventions difficult to manage. Conclusion: Through an educational proposal, the psychologist can perform a psychoeducational work in addition to making a clinical hospital, which enables the understanding, clarification of caregivers and health professionals about the pathology.</p> Pedrosa, A.P.A1, Batista, R.M.F2, Albuquerque, E.N3, Osório, M.O4, Santos, E.P5, Accioly, C.C6 Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-04 2018-09-04 4 1 1 Challenge in the Psychologist Performance in Relation to Renal Patient on Hemodialysis: Experience Report <p>Introduction: The chronic kidney failure is considered a public health problem, since it has high morbidity and mortality rates. This shortcoming is the result of the impairment of renal function, which can lead to the substitutive therapies to the kidneys. Among them, it is noteworthy that the hemodialysis patient demands adjustments to physical, social, psychological, and points to possibilities of contribution of the psychologist in this scenario, and offering psychological support to minimize suffering, fears and fantasies, favoring the positive adaptation and well-being of the patients. Objective: to reflect on the challenges in the actions of the psychologist in the context of chronic renal disease in hemodialysis, from report of the internship experience in service of renal substitutive therapy. Methodology: an experience report. Results and Discussion: the curricular internship has experience in the sector of dialysis, lets you know the characterization of chronic kidney disease and its possible repercussions on the life of the biopsychosocial subject, which are quite specific, requiring psychology trainee personalize care for patients in hemodialysis. That happens because the experience of each patient is unique and it is to be attentive to this subject that falls ill and not the disease of the subject itself. Therefore, the practice of psychology in this reality behind various challenges to professionals, some of them are: need to individualize the care, respect the biopsychosocial difficulties, help the subject in the understanding of yourself, establish a therapeutic alliance, stimulate the patient’s capacity to adapt and contribute to the rescue of the meaning of life. Conclusion: Is highlighted the contribution of psychology in the context of chronic renal disease. Is observed that the psychological care in this clinical condition enables the psychic reorganization, understanding of the diagnosis, the greater adherence to treatment, stimulating the emergence of coping strategies, encourage the autonomy and provide quality of life for patients with chronic renal insufficiency.</p> Thomaz, L.A.E1, Accioly, C.C2, Albuquerque, E.N3, Osório, M.O4, Behar, J.N.P5 Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 4 3 3 Psychological Intervention: Psicoeducative Group With Patient Ostomized With Cancer <p>Introduction: Cancer are more than 100 diseases that have in common the disordered growth of cells, with varied causes. In Brazil in 2016, in relation to colorectal cancer, an estimated 34,280 new cases were reported, of which 16,660 were male, and 17,620 were female. In the Northeast the estimate is 1,940 cases of cancer for men, whereas the women is 2,530 cases. Colorectal cancer comprises tumors that affect a segment of the large intestine (the colon) and the rectum. There are several causes for intestinal ostomy. Malignant neoplasms (particularly colorectal and bladder), inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn’s disease and non-specific ulcerative colitis), external traumas or causes (traffic accidents, impalement, white or firearm injury, anal incontinence and infections acute myocardial infarction, acute diverticulitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, megacolon, traumatic colorectal cancer, colorectal cancer, incontinence, as may be employed in derivation of intestinal transit due to pressure wounds. Objective: To reflect on a psychoeducational work in a group with ostomized patients by cancer, allowing to welcome and promote a humanized psychological assistance, as well as to use educational strategy aimed at awareness and psychosocial care, in the prevention and promotion of health. Method: Integrative review study through bibliographic research, published and indexed in primary databases SCIELO, PEPSIC, article analysis, books on the subject; and elaboration of psychological group intervention for ostomy patients. Discussion: Psychoeducation is a set of systematic, structured and didactic practices that combine information on the disease and treatment with emotional support, aiming to provide the patient, his family and his companion to understand and deal with the consequences of the illness. Conclusion: Through the group and educational strategy, the psychologist can make possible the awareness of psychosocial care, prevention, health promotion and psychoeducation as a facilitating resource between patient and health team.</p> Pedrosa, A.P.A1, Neves, A.M.S2, Albuquerque, E.N3, Osório, M.O4, Santos, E.P5, Accioly, C.C6 Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 4 2 2 The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents <p>Introduction: In spite of prevention efforts, the suicide act still presents as unexpected, usually associated with several risk factors, and very common in young populations. Objectives: To analyze the association of psychosocial factors with suicidal behavior in adolescents. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study developed between April and June 2017 with 84 students from the metropolitan area of Recife in Pernambuco. Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years were included. For data collection, three validated instruments were used. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee under protocol # 548,848. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results and Discussion: The presence of suicidal ideas predominated in female (73%), ranging from 12 to 15 years (53.65). Cases of suicide attempt and presence of ideation were identified in 26.1% of respondents. There was a significant association between the psychosocial aspects studied and suicidal ideation, with emphasis on economic class (p = 0.017) and symptoms of common mental disorders (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the study still reveal the fragility of this age group for the occurrence of events related to suicide ideals and point to the need for planning preventive actions in this segment.</p> Thomaz, L.A.E1, Accioly, C.C2, Albuquerque, E.N3, Osório, M.O4, Behar, J.N.P5 Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-04 2018-09-04 4 4 4 Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco <p>Introduction:Introduction: Nowadays, mental health work is understood through team work and aimed at the collective with the perspective of articulating and adding knowledge. In this sense, the broadening of the professionals perspective and training is essential to enhance care, especially in the issues of coping with self-inflicted violence, especially the suicidal behavior responsible for the death of approximately 800,000 people per year. Objectives: to report the experience of training in the subject of suicide prevention for health professionals in the state of Pernambuco. Methodology: The proposal was developed in September 2017 in the training format, offered by a group of researchers from the Federal University of Pernambuco. The target audience was the professionals who work at the various levels of mental healthcare in the State of Pernambuco. The training was structured in three thematic axes: 1- Basic concepts; 2- Risk factors and profiles; 3- Management and prevention. Results and Discussion: The vast majority of professionals approved the proposal, in its 90,3% format, thematic 95,0% and content 97,0%. In total 99,0% considered the action to be important for their professional training and ensures afety regarding retention and apprehension of the subject, and can contribute more effectively to the issue of suicidal behavior. It can be considered that the experience contributed significantly to teaching and scientific research through the articulation of university researchers and professionals in mental healthcare, being considered as an action of permanent education and training, indispensable tools in the content of public health. Conclusion: It is considered that the action was successful in order to enable the comprehension and broadened view of the professionals of the multi professional team to promote the integral care of the subject who suffers, enabling the listening and support even the engagement in a specialized network.</p> Sousa, R.A1; Silva, W.R2; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O3; Silva, A.C.P.S4; Vasconcelos, S.C5; Silva, T.P.S6 Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-04 2018-09-04 4 5 5 Why ‘Meaning’ in Health Care? <p>Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that applies values to the practice of clinical medicine and to scientific research. They are based on a set of values that professionals can refer to in the event that they are in conflict or are confused. The values include: beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice, veracity, dignity. The code of ethics is based on the understanding of the goals of medicine dating back to the 5th century B.C. and Hippocrates.<br>By 1847, the code of ethics was based greatly on Thomas Percival’s work. He was an English physician-philosopher and wrote a code of medical ethics for hospitals in 1803. Hippocrates is important in the discussion of the meaning of meaning and the meaning of medical ethics, because he provided the drive to make the public understand that medicine was based on science and not on magical or religious activities that were used so often. Even so, those writings were put away and were not rediscovered until the Renaissance period in the early 16th century.<br>It was John Gregory, an 18th century physician and moralist, in Edinburgh who published his lectures in which he redefined medical humanism in the context of the Scottish Enlightenment of philosophers, such as David Hume. These writings opposed the work of Thomas Hobbes who’s ‘Leviathan’ is considered by many as significant as the political writings of Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls. Gregory, like Hippocrates, wanted to set medicine apart and argued that medicine incorporated the ideal that physicians were empathetic and their practice was based on medical science.<br>The medical code of ethics is a living document, which means that it grows and evolves as new information is gained. The first edition came about in 1847. It did not change very much until 1903 when the language was updated. It was retitled to “Principles of Medical Ethics.” It was again updated in 1949 and again in 1957. Minor changes were made in 1980. The 1957 version adopted a preamble along with 10 statements of core values and commitments. The Judicial Council was given the authority of interpreting the ethical Principles.</p> Richard Boudreau Copyright (c) 2021 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 4 7 7 Reactive depression in a sacro coccygeal chordoma <p>The association of depression and organic diseases is frequently described. Several authors have been interested in analyzing the links between the two entities. Depression is considered the dominant mode of reaction to somatic disorders. It is all the more frequent and marked that the disorder is life-threatening, painful, disabling. In this work, we report a reaction depression occurring in a patient with a sacro-coccygeal chordoma which is a relatively rare malignancy, with a reserved prognosis, revealed by common radiculalgia of appearance. This one required a care in Psychiatry parallel to the surgery. We emphasize the interest and the need for a multidisciplinary management framework.</p> Ndiaye-Ndongo Ndèye Dialé, Fall Lamine, Sylla Aïda, Thiam Mamadou Habib. Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 7 7 10.28933/ijprr-2018-12-1506 Effect of stress management intervention on stress response and job satisfaction among employees in Chinese auto enterprises <p>Objective: To understand the effect of stress management interventions on improving stress response and job satisfaction among auto company employees. Method: A total of 320 employees in three Chinese auto companies were selected in August 2017 by stratified random sampling method to detect the stress response and job satisfaction. According to the score of job satisfaction, we got the low job satisfaction group (experimental group, n=86) and high job satisfaction group (control group, n=86). The two groups accepted a twelve months stress management intervention and then the stress response and job satisfaction scores were measured in August 2018 to learn the intervention effect. Results: The stress response score had a significant correlation with the job satisfaction score (r=0.219, P&lt;0.05). After the intervention, the stress response and job satisfaction scores in experimental group was significantly higher than that before intervention (19.38±9.54, 16.00±10.47, P&lt;0.05). The job satisfaction score was significantly higher than that before intervention (11.07±4.59, 2.89±1.96, P&lt;0.01). Conclusion: Stress management intervention can improve the stress response and job satisfaction of auto enterprise employees.</p> Sheng-jun Wu, Yunge Wang, Hong Dai, Xu-feng Liu* Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 8 8 10.28933/ijprr-2018-12-0608 The Problem with Dropping Out and Why Students Leave School Before Graduating <p>There is currently a major cultural problem taking place across American society in regard to students dropping out of school. Millions of Americans drop out of high school and college each and every year. Millions never earn a high school diploma or college degree. This study looked at the reasons why students dropped out of school (N = 367). Some of the major reasons found were the need for money, disinterest in classes, family issues, poor grades, lack of support, pregnancy, and so forth. The study analyzed differences across various groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, age, and social class) in relation to dropping out, returning to school after dropping out, highest level of schooling achieved, and regretting dropping out. The study results demonstrated numerous connections between a number of key variables (e.g., social class and its association to dropping out), gender (e.g., women were more likely to regret dropping out and were more likely to return to school), and disinterest in classes (e.g., poor grades, absenteeism, suspensions, etc.). It was also found that most of the respondents dropped out of school for more than one reason and that the highest percentage of students dropped out at the community college level. The study brings forth additional data that can help educators and school administrators to better understand this larger cultural problem and what can potentially be done to help reduce these overall dropout rates that are currently afflicting the nation.</p> Raqota Berger Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 9 9 10.28933/ijprr-2019-01-1005 Social determinants of contraception in a context of chronic illness in hospitals in Senegal <p>Objective: We studied the socio-cultural aspects of contraception in a population of women followed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during the introduction of methotrexate. RA is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints; methotrexate, its standard of care, which requires effective contraception before starting.<br>Patients and methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that included 42 women with RA of reproductive age.<br>Results: The mean age of the patients was 34 years, extreme 20 and 49 years. The age group of 30-34 years was the most representative. In our study population 93% of women were married. The average duration of progression of their rheumatic disease was 60 months.<br>Different constraints to the practice of contraception were identified: need of downstream of the spouse (90,47%), need of downstream of the beautiful family (23,8%), fear of the side effects (45,23%) , the desire of pregnancy for a better image in society (14,28%).<br>Conclusion: several socio-cultural aspects hinder the practice of contraception in our study population. Their taking into account and a good involvement of the family is essential.</p> Ndiaye Ndongo Ndèye Dialé, Sow Fatimata, Camara Momar, Sylla Aida, Thiam Mamadou Habib Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 10 10 10.28933/ijprr-2019-02-2506 Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous <p>Statement of the Problem: The birth of a child does not create a split with the pregnancy and desires of the conception of the parents but rather confirms the continuity of the fantasies, the representations which animate these and more still the mother since the desire of the child. These fantasies and daydreams inherent in pregnancy and described by Bydlowsky are relegated to the background, and sometimes even ignored by families, but especially by obstetric care professionals during birth.</p> <p>Methodology: This article is an intrusion using semi-directive interviews in the psychic dynamics of six Cameroonian primiparous women who gave birth by cesarean section in a specialized hospital, from the preoperative to the postoperative through the operative.</p> <p>Findings: It emerges from this study that when the normal process of birth is changed, the mother can undergo this event considered natural in her cultural universe. Cesarean section is certainly a birth, but it is anti-physiological, because of the lack of passage that leads to a feeling of foreignness in women. In the Caesarean section, there seems to be a lack of narcissistic investment in the reproductive apparatus. Caesarized parturients feel guilty for not having given life according to the accepted model, both on the religious, social, cultural and psychic level. They feel guilty for not being able to repeat the act that women have been doing in their environment since the beginning of time. For their own family they bring denigration, for the in-laws they are incapable, for the other parturients they are inferior, and for themselves they are guilty.</p> <p>Conclusion: This birth-related surgery does not give women a leeway to become involved in the process. The physical undergoes invasive gestures that are not felt in a present but are imagined with a shift of time, of reality and resonance on the psyche.</p> Mireille Ndje Ndje Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 11 11 10.28933/ijprr-2019-03-1406 Juggling the Many Voices Inside: What It Means to Be an Emerging Adult <p>Background: Our late modern society has a focus on self-realization, managerialism and instrumental reasoning. A logic of choice dominates the lives of emerging adults. They are focused on “self-managing” their lives. Although many emerging adults can “flourish”, others are “floundering,” struggling with anxiety or lower self-perceptions. Theories on self-realization which focus on a capability or self-determination approach seem inadequate for understanding this reality.</p> <p>Aim: This article critically examines what it means to be an emerging adult in late modern society. It aims to counterbalance the dominant theories of self-realization by exploring a dialogical view on the “self”. It pays attention to the voices of the “selves” of emerging adults, including the internalized voice of society itself.</p> <p>Method: A narrative approach was followed. First, an interpretive narrative study was carried out with female respondents. The study employed in-depth focus group and individual interviews and the transcripts of the interviews were then analyzed thematically. We further analyzed the data according to the Listening Guide Approach.</p> <p>Findings: Self-realization is a dynamic relational and moral process. The findings illustrate the multiple voices and I-positions of emerging adults. In addition, the findings illustrate that in addition to agency, “passive receptivity” also plays an important role in the process of becoming an emerging adult.</p> Richard Morehouse1, Merel Visse2, Brian Singer-Towns3, John Vitek4 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 13 13 10.28933/ijprr-2019-04-2105 Testing partial memory with the British video lineup <p>Levi has hypothesized that witnesses with poor memory discount some lineup members as not fitting their partial memory of the target, thereby picking him often. In a comparison between British 10-person video lineups and 48-person lineups, they did not differ in identifications. Perhaps sequential video lineups prevented witnesses from hitting upon the discounting strategy. Fifty were asked to count the number of lineup members that they could discount, and then were given the lineup. Others were given the lineup first. We expected that the former group would have more identifications No difference was found. Reasons for this were discussed.</p> Avraham Levi Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 14 14 The Predictive Values of Percieved Self- efficacy and Perceived Social Support on Coping with HIV/AIDS’ Stigma <p>This study examined the predictive power of Perceived Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support on Coping with HIV/AIDS’ Stigma. The study seeks to ascertain whether perceived self-efficacy and perceived social support would predict coping with HIV/AIDS’ stigma among patients. Using a sample of 152, with a total number of males 49 with percentage of 32% and females 103 with a percentage of 68%. Their ages ranged from 18-70 and a mean age of 53 years. This was a survey research and the design adopted was correlational design based on the design a multiple regression analysis was adopted as an appropriate statistical tool for analysis. The multiple regression analysis of the first hypothesis which stated that self-efficacy will significantly predict coping among HIV/AIDS’ patients was confirmed at ?= .55; t= 2.47, P&lt;.05 significant level. Whereas, the second hypothesis which stated that social support will significantly predict coping among HIV/AIDS’ patients was confirmed at ?= .24; t=3.10, P?.05. The implications and limitations of the findings were discussed and suggestions for further studies were highlighted.</p> Okeke Afamefuna Obiora1, Ogbonnaya, Chisom E.2, Onyinye Jane Okoye1, Christian Nweke Eze1 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 15 15 10.28933/ijprr-2019-05-0605 Psychological Availability, Psychological Safety and Optimism as Predictors of Innovative Behavior among Workers <p>The study examined psychological availability, psychological safety and optimism as predictors of innovative behavior at work among administrative staff of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA). A total of 120 workers comprising of 82 males and 38 females were used for the study with the mean age of 32.5, standard deviation of 11.2 and age range of 19-60. The participants were selected through multi stage sampling technique, Comprising of randomization and convenience sampling technique. The study made use of four instruments namely Psychological availability scale by Doglass (2004), psychological safety scale by Brown &amp; Leigh, (1996), Life Orientation Test (LOT) developed by Scheier and carva (1985) to measure optimism and Innovative Work behavior Scale by Kleysen and Street (2001). The design for this study was a cross sectional survey design and hierarchical multiple regression was used for data analysis. The study tested three alternate hypotheses. Findings indicated that Psychological availability significantly predicted innovative behavior at work at ?=.19.p&lt; 0.01 which accepted hypothesis one. Psychological safety significantly predict innovative behavior at work at ?=13,p&lt;0.01 therefore accepting hypothesis two. Findings also indicated that optimism did predict work innovative behavior at ?=.06,p&lt; 0.01 thereby accepting hypothesis three. Hence, findings were discussed and it was recommended that health practitioners and professionals should ensure the buildup of physical, emotional and cognitive resources in their workers to ensure optimal performance in the work place that is effective and efficient for productivity.</p> Okeke, Afamefefuna, O.1, Eze Christian N. 2, Oguegbe, T M. 3, Ogbonnaya, Chisom E. 4 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 16 16 10.28933/ijprr-2019-06-0305 Adolescent Violence: A Narrative Review <p>This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed entering the terms adolescent violence for papers published during the last five years. Following exclusion criteria, 58 papers could be classified as school–based violence (fighting) and dating violence including research on the prevalence and risk factors for these types of violence. The prevalence of school violence has varied by ethnicity, type of violence and culture. The risk factors for school violence are both intrapersonal and interpersonal. The intrapersonal factors include male gender, minority status, middle school level, maladaptive cognitive/ emotional strategies, depression, callous behavior, conduct problems, low cortisol and high testosterone, unhealthy conditions including concussions and obesity, drug abuse, self-harm, suicidal ideation and carrying weapons. The interpersonal factors include a lack of parental monitoring, conflict and violence in the family, exposure to violence and to violent social media. The prevalence of dating violence has also varied by gender and culture. The intrapersonal risk factors have included externalizing behavior, sexting both off-line and online, alcohol and marijuana misuse. The interpersonal risk factors include anxious attachment, family violence and peer rejection. Surprisingly, given the prevalence and severity of these problems, very little prevention/intervention research appears in this recent literature. Research is also missing on peer relationships, empathy and psychopathy as potential risk factors. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report, parent report and hospital records.</p> Tiffany Field Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 17 17 10.28933/ijprr-2019-06-1605 Artepsi: Scenario of Learning and Citizen Training <p>Introduction: The psychologist in the professional trajectory builds different competences according to the national curricular guidelines. Psychology undergraduate courses when building their curricular matrices focus on knowledge and experience challenges in developing skills and attitudes for psychological performance. Art can be an ally in this learning scenario as a mediator to provoke the reflection about the other, about themselves, about social relations and the fields of professional practice. Objective: The present work reports one of the activities called Artepsi in a clinical hospital psychology stage, which is organized by the trainees themselves of the course of Psychology of college in Recife, Pernambuco, specialized in health. Methodology: Experience report. Results and discussion: Each meeting is planned by the trainees, decide themes, group dynamics, debates and make contact with speakers. The activities developed in the meetings seek to provoke reflections on the formation of the psychologist, challenges and professional dilemmas, refresher themes, integrating art and psychology. The Art element was expressed through discussions of films, origami, literature, music, reports of experiences, lectures trying to sensitize and affect the trainee to think about their own formation, caring for themselves and the other. Artepsi is an activity that allowed us to reflect on different themes, such as: depression, suicide, caring for oneself, mental health, psychoanalysis, art therapy, violence, among others. Conclusion: This proposal allowed us to reflect on a curricular internship activity that integrates art and psychology, allowing trainees to take on the role of protagonist in their training, developing decision-making skills, group work, exchange of experiences, strategic planning, mediation conflict and creativity. As well, it made possible to think about the future of its profession and a responsible and citizen action.</p> Lívia Monteiro1*, Maria Catarina Ferraz2, Cybelle Accioly3, Eliane Nóbrega Albuquerque4, Juliana Porto Behar5 e Mônica de Oliveira Osório6. Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 24 24 10.28933/ijprr-2019-10-1007 Adolescent Sexting: A Narrative Review <p>This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed that involved entering the terms adolescent sexting for papers published during the last five years. Following exclusion criteria, 52 papers could be classified as sexting studies including research on the prevalence, effects/comorbidities, risk factors and interventions for those problems. Most of the studies have been conducted in the U.S. where the prevalence of sexting has ranged from 5% to 29%. Sexting has typically been consensual, or at least the recipient has been known, although some forwarding of sext messages has occurred. The effects of sexting have included sexual activity, problematic relationships, mental health problems, other addictions and legal problems. The predictor or risk variables have included male gender, extraverted personality, low self-esteem, depression, impulsivity, peer pressure and the lack of parental monitoring. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report and parent report and by the absence of longitudinal data that might inform whether the data being reported are effects of or risk factors for adolescent sexting and the need for prevention/intervention research.</p> Tiffany Field Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 18 18 10.28933/ijprr-2019-06-2306 Mental Disorders in Psychology Students <p>Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, 450 million people suffer from mental disorders. Studies in Brazil show a common mental disorders prevalence (CMD) ranging from 17% to 35%. Method: The study analyzed the prevalence of CMD in 147 university students from psychology course. In this study was used the Self-reporting questionnaire – Brazilian version (SRQ-20), and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Results: Prevalence of 33.33% of CMD risk in the studied sample. The decreased vital energy and somatic symptoms are the factors that most point out those who are prone to CMD. Conclusion: Analyzing the internal factors of SRQ-20, the negative impact of those people prone to common mental disorders is evident.</p> Eduardo Falcão Felisberto da Silva1*, Sara Salvador de Araújo Albuquerque2, Leopoldo Nelson Fernandes Barbosa3, Mônica Cristina Batista de Melo4 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 25 25 10.28933/ijprr-2019-10-1005 Systematic Review of Attention Testing in Allegedly “Untestable” Populations <p>Test use is extremely important, not only for clinical practice, but also for scientific research. Nonetheless, some populations have been considered “untestable”. Among the different cognitive abilities assessed using tests, attention is a fundamental one. The present study presents a systematic review of the literature on attention testing in people with Intellectual Disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder, in order to identify: (1) if there are any tests that are fit to assess these populations; (2) which adaptations would be necessary for such tests to become fit; and (3) what limits and needs are involved. Our literature review identified 39 studies (review papers and empirical studies), all of which concern the administration of attention tests for people with Intellectual Disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder. The selected papers are presented and discussed from two analysis categories: (a) tests, attention abilities, and populations under study; (b) procedures and adaptations made to the testing settings. We identified 72 attention tests, where the majority of the groups of participants in the studies that were analyzed presented mild symptoms. The main adaptations done to the tests refer to strategies used to assist the comprehension of tasks, to communicate instructions, to assure engagement during the procedure, and ways to emit answers. The implications of our results are discussed.</p> Verônica M. Rosário, Cristiano Mauro A. Gomes and Cybelle Maria V. Loureiro Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 19 19 10.28933/ijprr-2019-07-1905 The Relationship Between Anxiety and Pain Disorders: an Integrative Review <p>Introduction: Somatic Symptom Disorder is characterized, by the Fifth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, by distressing somatic symptoms linked to abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors in response to these symptoms. The prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder in primary care is quite significant, and new empirical evidence suggests that there is a clinically relevant interaction between anxiety and pain intensity felt by the patient in a context of somatization of symptoms. Objectives: To analyze in the literature the relationship between anxiety disorders and psychosomatic pain. Methodology: The research was carried out in the CAPES Periodic databases, PubMed and Regional Portal of the VHL. The terms “Anxiety Disorders”, “Pain” and “Psychophysiological Disorders” were considered as descriptors. Articles published between 2013 and 2018 were included. Results: Of the 2095 articles found, only seven were included in the review. Evidence has been found that anxiety may stem from social distress or primary pathologies. It can be expressed somatically under different forms of pain, such as: gastrointestinal, precordial, dental or cephalic. Evidence has also been found that anxiety exac-erbates dental and cephalic pain, and it chronicises localized back pain and cephalic pain. Con-clusion: The literature on the interaction between anxiety and psychosomatic pain is still incipient to the detriment of the complexity and comprehensiveness of the phenomenon. We also high-light the need for further research on diagnostic and therapeutic teaching strategies of health professionals in order to reduce the morbidity resulting from these events.</p> William Barros Agrelli Girão¹*; Mateus Cotias Filizola2; Guilherme Brazão3; Rita de Cássia Hoffmann Leão4, Tatiana de Paula Santana da Silva5; Everton Botelho Souge6 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 20 20 10.28933/ijprr-2019-08-2005 Group Psychological Intervention: Report of Experience in the Curricular Psychology Stage <p>Background: Pain for the loss of health is not easy to be elaborated by the patient, especially when it directly impacts on his quality of life. Group intervention can be a possibility to work on sufferings, because patients share experiences, which favors overcoming difficulties and adaptations. Objective: to report the experience of group psychological intervention, analyzing the role of psychology trainees in group mediation. Methodology: report of experience. Results and discussion: In the group performed by the psychology interns with patients attended at a school hospital in Recife-PE, the group was constituted. The trainees were facilitators under the supervision of the psychologist of the hospital team, sought to preserve individual and group space, managed the speeches, encouraging the silent participants and preventing the predominance of the speakers. At each meeting they used group dynamics, storytelling, poetry readings, collages, favoring speech and peer identification. The trainees made use of careful clinical listening, transfer and group management in the opening, development and closure at each meeting. For each stage of this, supervisor support was essential. Conclusion: By providing speech in the group, the trainees allowed the patients to reflect on themselves and the history of the other, reorganizing their experiences, promoting and preventing health. And this experience for the trainees enabled the development of group management skills, decision making, conflict mediation, communication and clinical listening</p> Lívia Monteiro* , Maria Catarina Ferraz2, Cybelle Accioly3, Eliane Nóbrega4, Mônica de Oliveira Osório Albuquerque5 e Josene Carvalho6. Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 21 21 10.28933/ijprr-2019-08-2105 The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review <p>Objective: To find any role of optimism and/or resilience mediating emotional distress in infertility. Method: We performed a literature search for 2000–2017 in PubMed, PsycINFO and Elsevier, for original articles and reviews, using keywords “resilience,” “infertility,” “optimism,” “LOT-R,” “in vitro fertilization,” and “assisted reproductive technology.” Additional references were collected from articles located thereby. Results: The evidence reveals a growing trend of promoting people´s positive health assets and indicates significant negative associations of optimism and resilience with anxiety and depression and positive associations with self-esteem and perception of control. It seems optimism and resilience heavily influence physical and mental health and diminishes emotional distress due to infertility. Discussion: This review highlights the importance of the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions increasing optimism and resilience against affective dysregulation and emotional distress caused by infertility.</p> Diana Santa-Cruz1, Soledad Chamorro2, Juan A. Garcia-Velasco1 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 22 22 10.28933/ijprr-2019-09-2105 Suspicious Jealousy Is Related to Anxious Attachment and Is Mediated By Fear of Intimacy <p>Relationships between insecure attachment (anxious and avoidant), fear of intimacy and romantic jealousy (suspicious and reactive) were explored in this study. The Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire, the Fear-of-Intimacy Scale, and the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale were administered to a sample of 210 ethnically diverse adults via Qualtrics Panels. Anxious attachment, fear of intimacy, and suspicious jealousy were positively correlated. Conversely, negative associations were noted between avoidant attachment and reactive jealousy, and between fear of intimacy and reactive jealousy. Mediation analysis revealed that fear of intimacy mediated the effect of anxious attachment on suspicious jealousy and marginally mediated the effect of avoidant attachment on suspicious jealousy. These results are consistent with the transactional model of jealousy and they uniquely specify that fear of intimacy is a significant mediator of the relationship between anxious attachment and suspicious jealousy.</p> Gabriel Dominguez-Pereira, Tiffany Field, James Vivian, Sybil L. Hart, Debra Bendell Copyright (c) 2021 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 4 23 23 10.28933/ijprr-2019-10-2705 The Photography Use as A Therapeutic Resource <p>Objective: To report the experience of three students who performed an intervention that used photography as a therapeutic resource with users of a CAPS Disorder.</p> <p>Methodology: The intervention was the product of the Workshop on Mental Health of the 6th semester of the psychology course of the Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde. During the Workshop, the students were able to build knowledge through their experiences and their interactions with the field studied. The experience was divided into three moments. Initially, a photography workshop and a collage activity were held. Afterwards, users went to Engenho Massangana to practice photography. Finally, they organized a photographic exhibition for their families and service staff.</p> <p>Results and discussion: During the activities, seventeen users participated voluntarily. Through artistic experimentation, it was realized that the intervention could favor psychosocial rehabilitation through protagonism, leisure and art. Users were able to explore the place and interact with others, developing a new socializing environment beyond the limits of CAPS. In addition, through the photographic gaze, they created narratives and ways of expressing subjectivity.</p> <p>Conclusion: The intervention allowed the exercise of autonomy and citizenship of service users. Thus, it is extremely important that mental health services promote recreational and leisure social activities, contributing to the social reintegration of individuals who have long been excluded from their families and communities.</p> Maíra Mendes Faria1*, Moema Nunes Cordeiro Assunção1, Mírian Rique de Souza Brito Dias1, Michele Gomes Tarquino2 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 33 33 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2507 A Study of Factors Influencing Attitude of Nigerians Toward People with Physical Challenges <p>The aim of the present study was to examine the factors influencing the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The study hypothesized that gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge will not influence the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The design of the study was cross-sectional. The participants comprise a total of one hundred (100) workers drawn from state and local government civil service in Anambra, Imo and Ebonyi States, Nigeria using random sampling technique. Data were collected through self-administered survey questionnaire, using a modified version of the Scale of Attitudes towards Disabled Persons (SADP). The four hypotheses were tested using 2x2x2x2 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the independent variables studied (i.e. gender, age, level of education, and exposure to physical challenge) neither jointly nor independently influenced the attitudes of Nigerians toward people with physical disability. The practical implications of the findings are discussed.</p> Kelechi T. Ugwu and Festus C. Onah Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 25 25 10.28933/ijprr-2019-07-2906 The Tiniest Scientists: What do Infants Know and How Do They Learn About the World? <p>Infants are one of the richest sources of information about the origin of human thinking and learning. Although gathering behavioral and neuroimaging data from infants is incredibly insightful and valuable, infants are a challenging group to study. Unlike adults, they cannot verbally communicate with researchers, make explicit responses, or control their bodies. Given these limitations, developmental scientists have employed smart study paradigms and research technologies to better understand the developmental trajectories of cognition and social understanding in infancy. This review paper provides an overview of the study methods, including looking time measurements and modern neuroimaging techniques and discusses what these approaches taught us about the core knowledge that allows infants to better learn and interact with the world.</p> Seongkyung Bae Copyright (c) 2021 2020-04-18 2020-04-18 4 29 29 Influence of occupational stress and the moderating role of gender on general health status among Nigeria policemen and women <p>General health status is defined as individual self reported quality of health conditions in relation to somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression among police. This study adopted cross-sectional survey design. Literature have not fully explored moderating role of gender on the relationship between occupational stress and general health condition among police in which this study tries to bridge gap in knowledge. Table of random sampling technique was used to select sample size of 474 serving police personnel. General Health status and occupational stress instruments were used and data generated were subjected to Pearson moment correlation, multiple hierarchical regression and univariance analyses. Significant relationship was observed between occupational stress and the four dimensions of general health conditions: (somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression). Occupational stress predicted significant portion of variance in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. The interaction (occupational stress*gender) accounted for significant variation in somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Men significantly experience poor health conditions and occupational stress compare to women. Considering the potential role of occupational stress in this study, it is recommended that police institution should strategize her policy to make police work less stressful in order to achieve effective policing and training and workshop on health should be conducted to policemen considering their score on general health status.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Obasanjo Sanya ADEGBITE Copyright (c) 2021 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 4 26 26 10.28933/ijprr-2019-09-0305 Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja <p>This descriptive study used non-teaching staff of the University of Abuja for the study. The main thrust of this work was to determine the predictors of self-concepts among staff on the basis of two demographic variables – gender and marital status. A sample size of one hundred and fifty participants was drawn for the study through stratified random sampling procedure. The sample size consisted of 74 males and 76 females. A modified version of workers/self-concept scale (WSCS) was adapted to generate data for the study. The 35-item instrument sought responses on various aspects of self-conceptsinvolving moral self, family self, self –satisfaction, self-criticism. Two null hypotheses were formulated to determine the predictors of self-concepts on the basis of gender and marital status. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in self-concepts among staff on the basis of gender and moral status. This implies that the two demographic variables, do not predict self-concepts among the generality of the university workforce. The t-values were not significant at .393 and .495 for gender and marital status respectively. The authors recommended among other measures a more elaborate and in-depts. study involving a heterogeneous sample to ascertain a more reliable influence of the two variables on self-concepts.</p> Benedict O. Onyiloa and Isaiah, I. Shamoa Copyright (c) 2021 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 4 27 27 10.28933/ijprr-2019-06-1905 Main Aspects Related to Burnout Syndrome in Healthcare Professionals: An Integrative Literature Review <p>INTRODUCTION: Healthcare work requires intense and prolonged attention from professionals to people who are in situations of need and dependence. Close contact with patients and the fear of making mistakes during care are additional chronic stress factors that favor the occurrence of Burnout.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To identify the main aspects related to the Burnout syndrome, due to the relevance of the current theme, according to the literature.</p> <p>METHODOLOGY: This is an integrative literature review, based on articles published between 2014 and 2019, indexed in the Lilacs and Bdenf databases.</p> <p>RESULTS: The results obtained with this study enabled the identification of the main risk factors related to the occurrence of Burnout syndrome, highlighting the infrastructure deficiencies, the rigid hierarchical structure, the excessive workload and lack of material. The syndrome causes numerous damages to the emotional and physical health of workers, such as memory deficit, immunological and cardiovascular impairment, myalgia, social isolation, aggressiveness, among others. All these symptoms generate repercussions such as poor professional performance, physical and mental exhaustion, and depersonalization, causing negative effects on the professional and social environments.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: This study made it possible to reflect on the process of illness of professionals regarding Burnout syndrome. It was possible to identify health professionals as a vulnerable population that needs attention from health service managers to carry out epidemiological investigations, in addition to actions of prevention and health promotion.</p> Nadja Ferraz de Oliveira¹*, Maria Assunção da Silva Lemos², Milena Pereira da Silva³, Jhonata Willian Amaral Sousa4, Aluska Mirtes de Queiroz5 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-05-18 2019-05-18 4 32 32 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2506 The Role of the Psychologist in the Communication Context of Bad Notice in Pediatric Oncology <p>Background: The news of a diagnosis such as cancer is quite scary for the patient and family members. This disease is surrounded by prejudices and representations, which hinders the provision of information in the context of health. In this context, there are confusions and expectations of health professionals and family members about the professional who should communicate a difficult diagnosis, and the psychologist is pointed out as a possible responsible for such a mission.</p> <p>Objective: to report the experience of the psychologist in the context of bad news in pediatric childhood oncology.</p> <p>Methodology: Experience report.</p> <p>Results and discussion: Before any reflection, it is important to understand that health professionals when they are going to communicate bad news should preserve the patient’s autonomy, the right to know about his illness. Lay people and some health professionals try to direct this task to the psychologist, assuming that they have more professional resources in their academic training for this. The psychologist does not communicate diagnosis, or bad news, but supports the patient in these moments, acting in partnership with the multiprofessional team. The whole team participates, but the doctor is responsible for communicating. And he counts on the psychologist to support the child and his family, who in pediatric oncology resorts to the recreational resources to facilitate this process for the child. They can use toys, tell stories, stimulate drawings, actions that favor understanding and confrontation by the patient, considering their desire, providing autonomy, respect and dignity. This is not an easy task, but the psychologist must do personal psychological work, to better deal with this context and to succeed in their interventions.</p> <p>Conclusion: Studies need to be done on this subject with health professionals about the professional’s perception of such work, as well as about the curricula of health courses, especially the doctor who needs in his training to prepare for the communication of bad news.</p> Amanda Kamylle Cavalcanti Guedes1*; Ana Paula Amaral Pedrosa2, Cybelle Acciolly Cavalcanti3; Eliane Nóbrega Albuquerque4, Mônica de Oliveira Osório5, Maria Eduarda Pedrosa Bouçanova6 Copyright (c) 2021 2019-08-18 2019-08-18 4 41 41 10.28933/ijprr-2020-05-2006 The Benefits of a Multidisciplinary Academic League in Mental Health in the Profissional Formation of Students <p>Introduction: The academic league plays a key role in the student’s academic-professional construction, enhancing knowledge about a specific area, shaped by the university’s pillars, which are teaching, extension and research. The subject of mental health in undergraduate health courses is quite diverse. In general, only one discipline or module of approach is offered, often only theoretical content and little practice, which leads students to seek other ways to deepen knowledge in the area, such as leagues, extension projects, events, among others. Thus, a league facilitates the approach of the student with the theme, as well as mediation or the student in the execution of research and extension projects, or what makes it enriching for professional training.</p> <p>Objective: Report the importance of a multiprofessional academic league in professional training in mental health and describe the experiences of effective members of the league.</p> <p>Methods: It is a descriptive work of the experience report type, developed from the experiences of effective members of the Liga Acadêmica Interdisciplinar em Saúde Mental (LAISME-UNCISAL). The student who has joined the league participates in monthly meetings, health education activities, workshops, events, courses, practices and actions held within the annual cycle, which spanned the period from July 2018 to June 2019. areas of health and biological sciences and social and human sciences.</p> <p>Results: As a result of these experiences, we realize the multiple benefits that the academic league brings to the students involved, such as the exchange of knowledge between academics and professionals, rich experiences at the university, practices in mental health places such as CAPS, technical understanding. from diverse contexts of performance in mental health, in addition to learning about teamwork, responsibility, organization, respect for differences, among others.</p> <p>Conclusion: The Academic League has relevance to academic professional education, as it provides an exchange of experiences and disseminates theoretical and practical knowledge in the area of ??mental health.</p> Alana Beatriz Félix Ferreira¹*, John Victor dos Santos Silva², Thyara Maia Brandão³. Copyright (c) 2021 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 4 31 31 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2505 Impact of Workplace Bullying Amongst First Responders- Systematic Review <p>The phenomenon of workplace bullying is pervasive and exposure to bullying leads to long-term, systemic and individual negative impacts to targets of bullying and the organizations in which they work. Multiple studies confirm that workplace bullying is associated with psychological trauma and serious negative long-term outcomes for targets including mental health disorders and in extreme cases suicide. Emergency service organizations by design are hierarchical in nature, creating power structures that can lead to increased potential for bullying. The literature shows that first responders who work in emergency service organizations report rates of workplace bullying at upwards of 60% (six times the National average). The prevalence of workplace bullying amongst first responders, given their already high stress jobs, along with the long term negative impacts to a targets health, mental health and wellbeing are significant and constitute a serious crisis within the emergency services community.</p> Walker JM., Stones A. Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 24 24 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-1205 Reflections on Social Psychology while reading Hannah Arendt <p>Two recent articles in the American Psychologist (Vol 74, no. 7, 2019) on the Stanford Prison Experiment induced me to re-read Hannah Arendt’s The Human Condition (1958), On Totalitarianism (1973). and Eichmann in Jerusalem (Arendt and Kroh, 1964). This re-reading and reflection deepened my understanding of the value and role of social psychology and Arendt’s deep understanding of human speech and action as it relates to the Human Sciences and understanding our role in the social and political world.<br>The review includes an experiment by Arthur Asch on “Opinion and social pressure” published in 1955 and then looks at Stanley Milgram’s experiment on obedience published in 1963. The review of these articles provides a context for looking at Philip Zimbardo’s Sanford Prison Experiment (1973) and a critique of that experiment which led to my re-reading Hannah Arendt. This article continues an exploration of my efforts (Morehouse, 2012; Morehouse, 2015; Morehouse et al, 2019) at integrating some elements of psychology and philosophy with the goal of deepening understanding of contemporary issues.</p> Richard E. Morehouse Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 28 28 10.28933/ijprr-2019-01-0705 Romantic breakup distress in university students: A narrative review <p>This narrative review of literature on romantic breakup distress and recovery includes studies on the effects of this distress, risk and protective factors for breakup distress and interventions. The effects include sadness, anger and broken heart syndrome. The risk factors for breakup distress include being the “dumpee” versus the “dumper”, internet surveillance of the “dumper”, having been in a spiritual relationship, intrusive thoughts, an orientation towards future relationships or a fear of being single, having the relationship as part of your identity or your self-worth and experiencing social constraints like criticism. Protective factors include having been more committed to the relationship and then continuing to experience closeness in that relationship but also having a rebound relationship. Effective interventions include a writing task describing the breakup, online group discussions of the breakup and tryptophan for its serotonin-enhancing properties. Limitations of this literature include lack of generalizability from the mostly female university student samples and potentially biased self-report data.</p> Tiffany Field Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 30 30 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2406 Prevalence in the Use of Anxiolytics Among Nursing Professionals: an Integrative Review <p>Introduction: Anxiety disorders have increased significantly in the last century, mainly due to the profound transformations that occurred in the economic and cultural context that were accompanied by the pressures of a modern, technological and mainly increasingly competitive society. Health professionals have a weakness and ease regarding the use of psychotropic drugs due to excessive stress, excessive workload, charges, dissatisfaction in the workplace or family.</p> <p>Objective: To identify prevalence of anxiolytic use by nursing professionals between 2013 and 2018.</p> <p>Methodology: Integrative review conducted in the LILACS, VHL and Pubmed databases, including quantitative research articles in Portuguese and English. Those whose methodological descriptions provided insufficient information were excluded.</p> <p>Results: The searches led to 400 articles which, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, formed a corpus of 07 articles. The results indicate a high prevalence of anxiolytic use among health professionals for female nursing workers, married, with working hours of 40 hours or more per week, aged between 18 and 47 years. Among the main side effects of anxiolytic consumption were sleepiness and decreased reflexes.</p> <p>Conclusion: There is a need for stricter control in dispensing these drugs, as in their indications, thus preventing inappropriate consumption or the occurrence of dependence by professionals. Psychosocial support is fundamental for the rational use of these drugs and in improving the quality of life of health professionals.</p> Cléber José da Silva1*, Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1, Felipe Ravelly Alves de Souza1, Samanta Sabrina dos Santos Lopes2, Taciane Maria da Silva2, Rêneis Paulo Lima Silva2 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 34 34 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2508 Psychosocial Factors Involved with the Development of Postpartum Depression: an Integrative Review <p>Introduction: The pregnancy is a period in which the woman goes through physiological and emotional changes. Given this, it is observed that women with low education and low income are vulnerable to being affected by Postpartum Depression (PPD). There are factors that are related to the case series of this disease, so it is necessary to identify them so that a better strategy for caring for women with PPD.</p> <p>Objective: Conduct an integrative review on the psychosocial factors involved in the development of postpartum depression, according to literary publications from 2009 to 2019.</p> <p>Methodology: This was an integrative bibliographic review conducted from February to June 2019. The databases consulted were: VHL, SciELO and PubMed, using the following descriptors: “Postpartum Depression”, “Postpartum Period” and “Mental Health”, combined by the operators “AND” and/or “OR”. We found 273 publications, which after reading and applying the inclusion and exclusion criterion left 07 publications.</p> <p>Results: The main factors related to PPD were stress, lack of psychosocial support, anxiety and distress, as well as unwished pregnancy and family problems. In addition, specific protocols for the diagnosis of this disease and lack of preparation of health professionals for reception are lacking.</p> <p>Conclusion: More efficient public policies and specific protocols for the treatment of PPD are needed, as well as the creation of new strategies to reduce the incidence of PPD. Emphasizing the importance of monitoring these women by a multidisciplinary health team in order to gain a holistic view of this problem.</p> Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1*, Cléber José da Silva1, Felipe Ravelly Alves de Souza1, Giselda Batista de Sena Souza2, Michele Jeronimo de Andrade3. Copyright (c) 2021 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 4 35 35 10.28933/ijprr-2020-01-2509 Adolescent Pornography: A Narrative Review <p>This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed that involved entering the terms adolescent pornography. Following exclusion criteria, 31 papers could be classified as adolescent pornography studies including research on the prevalence, effects and risk factors for pornography. Most of the studies have been conducted in other countries where the prevalence of adolescent pornography has ranged from 8%-22% for habitual use. The effects of pornography have included legal problems, permissive attitudes and unrealistic expectations regarding sex as well as problematic behaviors including victimization and assault. The predictor or risk variables have included male gender, family dysfunction and sensation-seeking. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report and parent report and by the absence of longitudinal data that might inform whether the data being reported are effects of or risk factors for adolescent pornography and the need for prevention/intervention research.</p> Tiffany Field Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 36 36 10.28933/ijprr-2020-03-0505 Monitoring in an Active Teaching Methodology: an Experience Report <p>Objective: This article intends to report an experience inside the monitoring process in a Psychology course, within a active teaching methodology. One of the most interesting activities offered in the active teaching methodology filed is the monitoring, that motivates the student to exercise his autonomy and initiative, introducing him to the teaching experience.</p> <p>Method: This experience’s report allows for a sharing of the narrative, meaning to contribute to future monitor’s experience, as well as exercise its scientific production abilities.</p> <p>Results: The monitoring experience provides the student’s exploration of his role as author of his own knowledge in a active way, boosting the group work and initiative elements of his work, as well as creating opportunities for a better understanding of the teaching experience.</p> <p>Conclusion: Throughout the monitoring experience, the student can notice the benefits of an active teaching method, and also execute it along the tutor to boost the students‘ learning process, but also finds several hardships, especially when the class isn’t well- adapted to the method and shows apathy and lack of interest.</p> Mariana de Azevedo Nascimento1 *, Pedro Gabriel Bezerra da Fonsêca2 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 37 37 10.28933/ijprr-2020-03-1206 Between the Body and the Word: the Effects of Language on a Suffering Body <p>Objective: This work has the purpose of analyzing some theoretical reasons which led Dr. Sigmund Freud to distance himself from the Neurology field, consequently creating his own new investigation method called Psychoanalysis, which opened an entirely new field of comprehension and intervention of the treatment of the discontent in its psychic cause. By distance from the Neurological field we can understand the creation of Psychoanalysis, and a conceptual shift where the body is no longer a cause, but an object: in this case, a discursive object.</p> <p>Results: The main consequence of this turnout was the vouching of the effects of language in the sick individual’s body, specifically in reference of the many forms of pain and discontent.</p> <p>Conclusion: The Psychoanalysis, thus founded in the word and in the language, has become fundamental to the health sciences for the understanding of all forms of illness, which can be better understood through the patient’s words and their due listening.</p> Bruno Soares Rocha1*, Pedro Gabriel Bezerra da Fonsêca2, Mariana de Azevedo Nascimento3 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 38 38 10.28933/ijprr-2020-03-1205 The Influence of Psychosocial-Affective Factors on Language Delay <p>According to Nóbrega and Minervino (2011) , language is a corticocerebral func-tion that develops based on the environment and stimuli to which individuals are ex-posed, as well as being a vehicle of communication, since language allows to establish in-terpersonal relationships.<br>Since childhood, people use some form of human communication, which is not composed solely by the use of words and phrases. Language development begins through the contact of babies with other people, through crying, looking, gestures, interaction be-tween mother and child, among other forms of communication and interaction. Thus, adults play a crucial role during this period by establishing a channel of affection and communication with the child, since adults are responsible for intermediating the baby’s relations with the world, through how they communicates with the child (AMORIM et al., 2012) .<br>Based on this principle, Carvalho (2015) reports that the early years are an essen-tial period for the development of language skills, as many factors influence the language acquisition and development, such as: innate biological conditions; affection; cognitive, memory, organic-functional skills and the contexts in which the child is inserted.<br>All children follow similar steps in the language development process, although it is susceptible to variations caused by some factors, such as: biological; psychological and social/environmental factors. In addition, an imbalance of these factors may slow this process, thus causing a language delay.<br>Giacheti and Lindau (2016) explain that language delay is not associated with organic disorders or any other developmental problem, whether intellectual disability or genetic syndromes, since this is a transient condition in which in most cases is due to lack of family stimulation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Bruna Vanessa Gomes de Araújo1 , Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura2 , Me. Ivonaldo Leidson Barbosa Lima2 , Ma. Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira3 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 40 40 10.28933/ijprr-2020-05-1805 PROPOSAL FOR GROUP INTERVENTION WITH FAMILY OF USERS IN A MENTAL HEALTH DAY-HOSPITAL THROUGH PSYCHO-EDUCATION <p>Objective: present a proposal for psychological intervention, through a therapeutic group, with the family members of users of a Reference Mental Health Service aiming at strengthening the institution / family bond. Methodology: The Arco de Maguerez was used, an instrument developed in the 70s and the basis for the application of the Problem-solving</p> <p>Methodology. In this methodology, the study takes place from a certain aspect of social reality and consists of five stages: the observation of reality, the key points, the theorization, the hypotheses of solution and application to reality. Results and discussion: It is proposed that the group be divided into three modules. Module I, Crisis in Mental Health, is designed to address issues related to the crisis (concepts and definitions, alerts and signs, creative possibilities of the crisis, among others). Module II, Family member as caregiver, aims to explore the role and responsibilities assumed by family members of reference in the context of the service user’s illness. Finally, module III, Caregiver Self-Care, aims to stimulate reflections and provide a moment of self-care.</p> <p>Final considerations: During the meetings, it is expected to create a space where family members can share experiences, aiming at strengthening the group to deal with the difficulties and complexities of daily life, as well as enabling a discussion on mental health and the search for strategies that ease the burden of care and the family’s suffering.</p> Maíra Mendes Faria1 *, Mírian Rique de Souza Brito Dias1, Mônica Osório2, Eliane Nóbrega2 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 4 39 39 10.28933/ijprr-2020-05-2005 Transtorno Obsessivo Compulsivo <p>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disease that affects many psychopathological segments with the predominance of obsessive ideas or uncontrollable behaviors. Obsessions are presented as intrusive thoughts that cause increased anxiety; while compulsions present themselves as repetitive behaviors or mental acts aimed at minimizing anxiety. OCD was considered a very rare and poor prognosis, but with advances in scientific research, this concept is in the process of changing.</p> Dennys Lapenda Fagundes Copyright (c) 2021 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 4 41 41 10.28933/ijprr-2020-08-1005 Touching and Touch Deprivation During a COVID-19 Lockdown <p>Touching your kids and your partner, self-touching, and touch deprivation have had different effects on individuals during a COVID-19 lockdown. In this Survey Monkey study conducted during a COVID-19 lockdown (N= 260 respondents), 26% said they were touch deprived a lot, 21% said they were touching their kids a lot, 33 % touching their partner a lot, and 32% self-touching a lot (e.g. yoga and stretching). Correlation analyses suggested that touch deprivation was related to scores on the Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Sleep Disturbances and PTSD scales. The three types of touching were positively related to scores on the Health Scale, at home projects, and outdoor exercising with others. Touching partner was also related to lower scores on the Stress, Depression, and PTSD Scales and Self-touching was related to lower scores on the Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance Subscales. The results of these data analyses are limited by the self-reported data from a non-representative, cross-sectional sample. Nonetheless, they highlight the negative effects of touch deprivation and the positive effects of touching your kids and partners and self-touch during a COVID-19 lockdown.</p> Tiffany Field1,2, Samantha Poling2, Shantay Mines2, Debra Bendell2, and Connie Veazey2 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 42 42 10.28933/ijprr-2020-10-2105 Play therapy as a diagnostic tool in rural families in Mexico <p>The role of play therapy as a research tool is examined after its use in a project directed to study family with at least one migrant member in deprived rural contexts in Mexico. Eighteen families were approached throughout home visits as part of social support services. Videos of the interaction with family members by using play therapy techniques were analyzed with the purpose to establish its advantages and limitations to collect information about the family dynamics. It was found that play therapy is an effective research tool in family studies, since this is a non-intrusive way to elicit feelings, spontaneous behaviors, and change in the family dynamics. Some of the advantages and limitations of this technique are further discussed eliciting practical guidelines for its use.</p> Becerril Pérez María Santos1, Cervantes Bazán Karla Alejandra1, Sánchez Escobedo Pedro2* & Esquivel Ancona María Fayne1 Copyright (c) 2021 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 4 43 43 10.28933/ijprr-2020-11-1905 Predictive Value of Heart Rate Measures on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Select Recent Studies <p>Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by maladaptive psychophysiological changes, such as a reduced vagal tone and hyperarousal, indicating autonomic nervous system dysfunction. In particular, physiological measures of heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) have been linked with PTSD expression, indicating that these measures may have diagnostic value. It remains unclear, however, whether altered heart rate and HRV contribute to the risk of PTSD development. This paper provides an overview of the present understanding of psychophysiological factors that may causally contribute to the manifestation of PTSD. The predictive value of heart rate and HRV measures are evaluated. The following sources of evidence are critically reviewed: relationships between momentary HRV components and PTSD symptom severity, predictions of PTSD development from post-trauma heart rate, and predictions of PTSD development from pre-trauma HRV. Available data challenge preliminary findings that abnormalities in heart rate and HRV currently offer reliable insight into PTSD development, but suggest that with additional research, there is a promising role for physiological biomarkers of autonomic dysregulation in risk prediction of future psychopathology.</p> Samantha L. Hemingway Copyright (c) 2021 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 4 44 44 10.28933/ijprr-2020-12-1905