Vol. 3 No. 1 (2020): Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Research Articles

Knowledge of Nutrition Care for Children on Peritoneal Dialysis at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam

Luu Thi My Thuc1; Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1; Tran Thi Na1; Nguyen Thi Thuy Hong2
1Department of Nutrition, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam 2Department of Pediatrics, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam
Keywords
  • Nutrition knowledge, nutrition care practice, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in children, end-stage renal disease
How to Cite
Luu Thi My Thuc1; Nguyen Thi Hang Nga1; Nguyen Thi Hang1; Tran Thi Na1; Nguyen Thi Thuy Hong2. (2020). Knowledge of Nutrition Care for Children on Peritoneal Dialysis at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam. Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 3(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.28933/ojgh-2019-01-0306

Abstract

Background: Nutrition is critically important for chronic kidney diseases, especially for children on CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). Nutrition not only plays the role of medication but also can control most abnormal metabolism disorders and preserve the residual renal functions. However, most patients’ families just focus on peritoneal dialysis while ignoring nutrition for the patients.

Objective: Survey the knowledge of nutrition care for children with CAPD prescription.

Method: Cross-sectional study on the nutritional status of 31 children undergoing CAPD. Interview and assess knowledge on kidney diseases with peritoneal dialysis, knowledge on nutrition care and nutrition practice of 31 mothers with children undergoing CAPD via a designed questionnaire.

Result: The ratio of malnutrition of children on CAPD was 37.8%. Knowledge on caregiving and hygiene for CAPD was good with 74.4% mothers knowing about complications of peritonitis, 64.4% was aware of peritoneal catheter exit-site infection. However knowledge on nutrition was limited, only 25.8% mothers having knowledge on nutrition for the children. 9.7% mothers could meet the requirement in nutrition practice.

Recommendation: It is necessary to enhance nutrition communication and counselling to achieve the expected treatment outcomes.

References

  1. P. G. K. Bhavana Shailendranath, Ushadevi C, “Impact of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior among Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients for Adherence to Dietary Regimen – A Single Centre Experience,” Int. J. Humanit. Soc. Sci., vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 257–262, 2014.
  2. C. P. Schmitt, S. A. Bakkaloglu, G. Klaus, C. Schröder, and M. Fischbach, “Solutions for peritoneal dialysis in children: Recommendations by the European Pediatric Dialysis Working Group,” Pediatr. Nephrol., vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1137–1147, 2011.
  3. J. Rysz, B. Franczyk, A. Cialkowska-Rysz, and A. Gluba-Brzózka, “The effect of diet on the survival of patients with chronic kidney disease,” Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1–17, 2017.
  4. B. Sozeri, S. Mir, O. D. Kara, and N. Dincel, “Growth impairment and nutritional status in children with chronic kidney disease,” Iran. J. Pediatr., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 271–277, 2011.
  5. J. Lin, G. E. Sklar, V. M. Sen Oh, and S. C. Li, “Factors affecting therapeutic compliance: A review from the patient’s perspective,” Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, vol. 4, no. 1. pp. 269–286, 2008.
  6. B. Y. Tế, “Hướng dẫn chẩn đoán và điều trị một số bệnh về Thận- Tiết niệu.” pp. 1–202, 2015.
  7. L. Rees, “Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD),” Textb. Clin. Pediatr., pp. 2921–2928, 2012.
  8. J. Axelsson, J. Jesus Carrero, B. Lindholm, O. Heimburger, and P. Stenvinkel, “Malnutrition in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease – Anorexia,Cachexia and Catabolism,” Curr. Nutr. Food Sci., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 37–46, 2012.
  9. “Nhu cầu khuyến nghị cho người Việt Nam-2016,” 2006.
  10. E. E.- Karmalawy, N. Habib, F. Fadel, and A. F. Mahmoud, “Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Care givers of Children with End Stage Renal Disease on Hemodialysis at Abu El Rish Pediatric University Hospital.”