GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION: TRANSFORM IN ETIOGENESIS: STUDY FROM NORTHERN RAJASTHAN
- Gastric Outlet Obstruction, etiology, Gastric Carcinoma, Peptic Ulcer disease
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Objective: To determine the frequency of various etiologies of Gastric Outlet Obstruction in Northern part of Rajasthan, India.
Design & Duration: Prospective study carried out from March 2018 to March 2019.
Methodology: The data of all the patients who presented with the features of Gastric Outlet Obstruction during the above mentioned period was collected. This data was analyzed with specific reference to recent trends in its etiology. This change in trend was compared with other local and international studies.
Results: Fifty patients were included in the study. All patients underwent upper GI endoscopy and biopsy; 40 cases were diagnosed by this method and the remaining by CT scan. Gastric carcinoma was the most common cause of Gastric Outlet Obstruction seen in 36% of the cases. The next common etiology was peptic ulcer disease which was responsible for 32% of the patients.
Conclusion: The ratio between benign and malignant etiologies of Gastric Outlet Obstruction is showing a gradual change in favour of malignant lesions. This change is similar to the trends reported in the western literature.
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